Value Investing

Value investing has been the core of our investment philosophy since 1982. We look for bargains, stocks trading below our estimate of their true worth. We determine value in the following ways:


Book value is a guidepost for our valuation process. It offers a measure of downside protection and potential price appreciation provided a company’s assets can be more profitably utilized.

Free Cash Flow/Enterprise Value

Cash brought into the business can be returned to shareholders in the form of buying back stock, paying down debt, and distributing dividends.

Price/Normalized Earnings

We use a company’s normalized earning power to determine if it is trading at a discounted valuation to those earnings.

We prefer to buy stocks trading at low multiples of the above ratios. In doing this, downside risk can be minimized and lead to price appreciation as these multiples expand to more normal levels.

In a perfect world, we look for companies with no debt and a net cash position. However, some opportunities may come from securities with debt; each situation is viewed in light of their risk-adjusted return.